Nephrology

Nephrology is the branch of medicine which is concerned with medical disorders that affect the kidney. There are many conditions in which the kidneys can fail and Nephrologists is concerned with identifying and treating these disorders. When irreversible failure occurs and dialysis is required the patient is managed by nephrologists. Transplants are usually done by surgeons (transplant surgeons or urologists). The follow up of the patient after transplant is done by the nephrologists. The kidneys are a pair of organs located within the abdomen. The kidney’s main function is to excrete waste substances (end products of metabolism of the food we eat) and excess water from the body in the urine. Urea is generated from the metabolism of proteins. In addition, the kidneys perform many other important functions. The urine that is formed in the kidneys passes into the ureters and then into the urinary bladder. The urine is stored in the bladder and is eliminated from the body by passing through the urethra. It must be emphasized that early referral to a nephrologists is necessary to correctly diagnose and treat the disorder and initiate measures to slow down the rate of progression of disease. In many instances, the patients are only aware of their ailment at a late stage of kidney failure requiring emergency dialysis. Mayo Medical Centre having 6 Bedded dialysis wards and team of Nephrologists and Technician
Mayo Medical Centre is having dialysis machine to diagnose & cure kidney function.

24 Hours fully equipped Haemo & Peritoneal Dialysis Facility Mayo Medical Centre provide the most advance dialysis treatment with enough space and 10 most advance dialysis machines. We take extreme precautions that everything can be done to control infection. We have the best of Dialysis team. We make sure that we take extreme precaution that the patient go back home with the smile on the face and with an positive attitude.
1. Hemodialysis : The procudre in which blood is taken out of the body through a complex set of tubes, run through a filter called dialyzer, cleaned off various impurities, and returned back to the patient. During its passage through the filter, the blood comes in contact with dialysate, which mirrors the body fluid except for the presence of impurities. This is conventionally performed in dialysis centers across various medical and commercial facilities and typically involves patients receiving dialysis three times a week (either on Monday, Wednesday and Friday OR Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday) with four hour session each time. This is a relatively complex form of dialysis with rigid treatment structure and limited flexibility in terms of patients’ time, mobility and transportation. Additionally, this involves creation and maintenance of vascular access such as dialysis catheter or creation of AV fistula or graft, in either arm or groin to access high flows of blood needed to perform dialysis.

2. Peritoneal Dialysis (PD): This has been argued as one of the simplest form of dialysis with limited life style interruptions and high degree of freedom. In this form of dialysis a synthetic tube is placed in the abdominal cavity which then allows dialysis by exchange of dialysis fluid at regular intervals. It can be tailored to individual needs so that the patient can perform this at night while asleep with the help of a small machine called “Cycler” or during daytime by performing around four manual exchanges, each lasting around 15-30 minutes. Because of its simplicity, PD is many times a chosen modality for persons with busy lifestyle, active family responsibilities and significant time constraints.

We provide the most advanced and innovative treatment techniques and concentrate on creating the right environment for renal patients. Our treatment extends to all kinds of kidney problems like diabetic nephropathy, chronic kidney failure, urinary tract neoplasm, renal parenchymal diseases, polycystic kidney diseases and several other inherited diseases. Once our nephrologists identify that the patient requires specialised tests after the initial assessment, they would refer them for appropriate diagnostic tests including urine and blood tests, kidney biopsy, ultrasonography and so on.

The dialysis unit with sophisticated Haemodialysis machines and monitoring equipments run 24/7 to ensure optimal care to patients. In order to avoid infections and difficulties we have separate dialysis units for HBsAg& HCV positive patients. The dialysis unit inside the ICU makes it more convenient to critically ill patients.
The hospital houses the best treatment possibilities for patients undergoing Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy (CRRT), Continuous Veno‐Venous Hemofiltration (CVVH), and a temporary treatment for patients suffering from acute renal failure and Continuous Arteriovenous Haemodialysis (CAVH) for managing acute renal failure. Apart from diagnosis and treatment, we advise diet and lifestyle changes for effective and speedy recovery. Nephrologists play active role in providing post transplant care to patients after the transplant.
From preventing and delaying kidney failure to facilitating early kidney transplant, managing dialysis treatments, and advancing research, our medical team aims to maintain the highest quality of life for the growing population of people with kidney disease.
We also work with other specialists, including heart failure and diabetes, to ensure you have comprehensive care for your health problems.

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